Tag Archives: opencv

Stereo Camera Calibration with ROS and OpenCV

In this tutorial, I’m gonna show you stereo camera calibration with ROS and OpenCV. So you need a pair of cameras, I bought a pair of this USB webcam which is okay for this task.

1)Save the following text under “stereo_usb_cam_stream_publisher.launch

2)Then run the following node to publish both cameras.

3)Now call the calibration node:

Super important:

If you have USB cam with some delays you should add the following “–no-service-check –approximate=0.1”

4)Pose the chess board in different position, and then click on the calibrate and save button.

5) The result gonna be store at /tmp/calibrationdata.tar.gz. Unzip the file and save it under “/home/<username>/.ros/stereo_camera_info

How to use OpenCV 3 Contribution Modules

OpenCV Contribution Modules are developed code from the community of OpenCV and are not very stable but after they got stable they will be part f OpenCV. Anyhow, there are a lot of cool modules there (fuzzy logic, sfm, cnn, …) that made me have look at them and try them.

 

1)gflags

2)glog

3)ceres-solver

 

4)OpenCV

To install them download OpenCV3 and OpenCV’s extra modules.

Add the following lines to the top of CMakeLists at root of OpenCV

Make a build directory in OpenCV3 and changed the current directory to that, then run the following command:

 

Finding Homography Matrix using Singular-value Decomposition and RANSAC in OpenCV and Matlab

\(\)

Solving a Homography problem leads to solving a set of homogeneous linear equations such below:

\begin{equation}
\left(
\begin{array}{ccccccccc}
-x1 & -y1 & -1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & x1*xp1 & y1*xp1 & xp1\\
0 & 0 & 0 & -x1 & -y1 & -1 & x1*yp1 & y1*yp1 &  yp1\\
-x2 & -y2 & -1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & x2*xp2 & y2*xp2 & xp2\\
0 & 0 & 0 & -x2 & -y2 & -1 & x2*yp2 & y2*yp2 & yp2\\
-x3 & -y3 & -1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & x3*xp3 & y3*xp3 & xp3\\
0 & 0 & 0 & -x3 & -y3 & -1 & x3*yp3 & y3*yp3 & yp3\\
-x4 & -y4 & -1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & x4*xp4 & y4*xp4 & xp4\\
0 & 0 & 0 & -x4 & -y4 & -1 & x4*yp4 & y4*yp4 & yp4\\
\end{array}
\right) *H=0
\end{equation}

\( H^{*} \underset{H}{\mathrm{argmin}}= \|AH\|^{2}  \) subject to \( \|H\|=1 \)

We can’t use least square since it’s a homogeneous linear equations (the other side of equation is 0 therfore we can’t just multyly it by the psudo inverse). To solve this problem we use Singular-value Decomposition (SVD).

For any given matrix \( A_{M{\times}N} \)

\begin{equation}
\underbrace{\mathbf{A}}_{M \times N} = \underbrace{\mathbf{U}}_{M \times M} \times \underbrace{\mathbf{\Sigma}}_{M\times N} \times \underbrace{\mathbf{V}^{\text{T}}}_{N \times N}
\end{equation}

\(U\) is an \( {M\times M} \) matrix with orthogonal matrix (columns are eigen vectors of A).
\(\Sigma\) is an \( {M\times N} \) matrix with non-negative entries, termed the singular values  (diagonal entries are eigen values of A).
\(V \) is an \( {N\times N} \) orthogonal matrix.

\( H^{*} \) is the last column of \(V \)

Finding homography matrix in Matlab between 4 pairs of points

Finding homography matrix in OpenCV between 4 pairs of points

 

Finding homography matrix in OpenCV between N pairs of points

Applying homography matrix in OpenCV

 

Peak Signal-to-Noise Ratio (PSNR) in Image using OpenCV and Matlab

\(\)\(\)

Peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) shows the ratio between the maximum possible power of a signal and the power of the same image with noise. PSNR is usually expressed in logarithmic decibel scale.

\( MSE =1/m*n \sum_{i=0}^{m-1} \sum_{j=0}^{n-1}  [   Image( i,j)  -NoisyImage( i,j)  ]  ^2   \)
\( PSNR =10* \log_{10} \Bigg(MAXI^2/MSE\Bigg)  \)

MSE is Mean Square Error and MAXI is the maximum possible pixel value of the image. For instance if the image is uint8, it will be 255.

 

Ref [1],[2], [3], 4

List of OpenCv matrix types and mapping numbers

ref: Special thanks to this post.

Colour based object Tracking with OpenCV

In many applications, you need to track an object. One simple method is color based tracking. I have developed a simple tool for that with OpenCV. All you have to do is just to adjust the High and Low values of HSV slider in the left window till you filter the image and you only see your desired object, here I’m tracking a green pen, a blue water container, and a red bottle top. The code is pretty easy and straight forward but I found different pieces of the codes for each part all over the internet and I change them and adapted them together so they can do the job.

The code on my GitHub account.

How to find CMake from arbitrary installed locations

In my other tutorial, I showed you how to install your code in an arbitrary location in Unix/ Linux systems. In this tutorial, I’m gonna show you how to find them after installation. Here I have two examples: OpenCV, PCL point cloud

I can assume that you have compiled and installed them using the following command:

1)PCL point cloud

put this line in your CMake file:

and check if everything is correct:

2)OpenCV

put this line in your CMake file:

and check if everything is correct:

if you don’t want to make changes to your CMakeList.txt file you can send <>__DIR as CMake parameter. Example: